Publications - Page 8

Fitness to Drive

Fitness to Drive

Driving is a demanding task and the risk of crash is high when individuals are not physically or mentally fit to drive. This is especially true when looking at work related driving, since conditions such as work related stress or sleepiness resulting from driving long hours come to play a role. This report looks into Fitness to Drive in the work-related context. The first part looks at Workplace Health Promotion (WHP). Improving the health and well-being of employees is of paramount importance for employers […]

Fit for Road Safety:  From Risk Assessment to Training

Fit for Road Safety: From Risk Assessment to Training

This second thematic report aims to present how driver risk assessment and training can improve work related road safety. This report aims to address all employers managing all type of vehicle from public authorities providing school transport, small two car delivery companies to large international companies and organisations. The scope of this report covers both fleet and grey fleet (i.e.: private vehicles used for work-related purposes) drivers and riders, from all vehicle classes: truck, bus, van, car and Powered Two Wheeler. This Thematic Report […]

Drink Driving in Commercial Transport

Drink Driving in Commercial Transport

This ETSC policy paper gives an overview of how drink driving could be effectively tackled in commercial transport through various regulations and initiatives. The paper illustrates how alcohol is affecting driving skills and its effect on crash rates. Moreover against the background of their alcohol policies, it shows how successful a number of countries are in tackling drink driving. Focusing on commercial transport, the paper presents the comprehensive regulatory framework existing in Europe and its Member States and shows the role that private stakeholders […]

How Can In-Vehicle Safety Equipment Improve Road Safety at Work?

How Can In-Vehicle Safety Equipment Improve Road Safety at Work?

This first thematic report aims to present how in-vehicle safety equipment can improve and manage work related road safety. This report addresses all employers managing all types of vehicle from public authorities, vehicle leasing suppliers, small two car delivery companies to large international companies and also vehicle manufacturers.

3rd Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

3rd Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

This 3rd PIN Report provides an overview of European countries’ performance in four areas of road safety. It builds on the 1st and 2nd Road Safety PIN Reports published in June 2007 and 2008 respectively. It shows how countries have progressed in reducing road deaths between 2001 and 2008 and how they perform in protecting a particular vulnerable group: children. It also gives an overview of the striking disparities in the market penetration of safe cars and outlines the role of European capitals as […]

A Blueprint for 4th Road Safety Action Programme for the EU 2010-2020

A Blueprint for 4th Road Safety Action Programme for the EU 2010-2020

This paper presents new ideas for European action to save lives on Europe’s roads for the decade ahead. The year 2010 is a deadline for both reaching the EU’s target of halving road deaths (set in 2001) and the end of the 3rd Road Safety Action Programme (adopted in 2003). The EU will probably not reach the target and serious lessons must be drawn from the past ten years. New targets must be set for 2020 which will mobilise action at a joint European […]

2nd Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

2nd Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

This 2nd PIN Report provides an overview of European countries’ performance in four areas of road safety. It builds on the 1st Road Safety PIN Report published in June 2007. It shows how countries have progressed in reducing road deaths between 2001 and 2007, and how they perform in protecting two particularly at risk road user groups: the elderly people and motorcyclists. It also gives an overview of the striking disparities in motorway safety as the EU adopts a European Directive on road infrastructure […]

Vulnerable Riders

Vulnerable Riders

Safety implications of motorcycling in the European Union Motorcycling encompasses a number of types of vehicles and in recent years this has been reflected in the increased use of the term Powered Two Wheeler (PTW). PTW fatalities account for approximately 20% of the total number of road fatalities; in addition, the fatality rate of PTW users is not declining at the same rate as that of car occupants. Whilst all modes of transport will inevitably carry some risk, a dedicated and thorough investigation of potential safety measures, […]

Managing Speed: Towards Safe and Sustainable  Road Transport

Managing Speed: Towards Safe and Sustainable Road Transport

Excessive speed has a singularly devastating impact on the health and safety of road users, increasing both the risk of a crash and the severity of crash outcomes. Speed recurrently contributes to crashes when driving speeds are higher than permitted speed limits or higher than circumstances allow (e.g.: rain, fog, high traffic volumes). The current concern over climate change has also put spotlight on the role of road transport in atmospheric pollution. Road transport’s share of carbon dioxide emissions has been rising unlike that […]

Drink Driving: Young Drivers and Recidivist Offenders

Drink Driving: Young Drivers and Recidivist Offenders

This ETSC policy paper on “Drink Driving: Young Drivers and Recidivist Offenders” gives an overview of why drink driving is a major problem in European road safety. In particular it shows what can be done to prevent two high risk groups – young novice drivers and recidivist offenders – from impaired driving. The paper illustrates how alcohol is affecting driving skills and what the effects on the crash risk are. Moreover, it shows European countries’ progress in reducing drink driving by explaining some current […]

The German Autobahn: The Speed Limit Debate

The German Autobahn: The Speed Limit Debate

This factsheet gives an overview of the safety situation on Germany motorways and looks at the implications of sections of motorway that have no speed restrictions.

1st Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

1st Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

This report provides an overview of European countries’ performance in five areas of road safety. It shows how countries have progressed in reducing annual numbers of road deaths between 2001 and 2005, and how they perform in the three key areas of road user behaviour: seat belt use, drink driving and speed. It also gives an overview of the penetration of state-of-the-art seat belt reminders into new passenger cars sold in European countries. The relevant rankings have been carried out under the Road Safety […]

The Social and Economic Consequences of Road Traffic Injury in Europe

The Social and Economic Consequences of Road Traffic Injury in Europe

This report summarises current knowledge regarding the following socio-economic aspects of traffic injury in Europe: The completeness and accuracy of official road accident statistics Long-term impacts of traffic injury Social disparities in road accident risk 1. The completeness and accuracy of official road accident statistics Official road accident statistics are incomplete and inaccurate in all countries. The level of reporting for injuries treated in hospitals is, on the average, less than 50%. Injuries are not always correctly classified by severity in police accident reports. […]

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

Time for a Directive ETSC’s new publication “Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU – Time for a Directive” responds to the European Commission’s Public Consultation “Respecting the Rules: Better Road Safety Enforcement in the EU” published in November 2006. Only with a Directive the EU will be sure to introduce the minimal requirements to achieve high standards in the enforcement of legislation as set out in the Commission’s Recommendation on traffic law enforcement (EC 2004). A legislative proposal should also include the cross border […]

Seatbelt Reminders

Seatbelt Reminders

Implementing advanced safety technology in Europe’s cars This ETSC Policy Paper on “Seat Belt Reminders – Implementing advanced safety technology in Europe’s cars” brings together evidence on how the development and introduction of seat belt reminders can contribute to saving lives in Europe. It aims to promote this innovative enforcement solution among manufacturers and policy makers, showing that it helps to maximise casualty reduction. The Policy Paper shows that the level of seat belt use varies considerably among EU countries, despite the fact that […]

Intelligent Speed Assistance

Intelligent Speed Assistance

Myths and Reality Illegal and inappropriate speed is the single biggest contributory factor in fatal road crashes. It increases both the risk of a crash happening and the severity of injuries resulting from crashes. Managing speed is therefore the most important measure to reduce death and injury on our roads. But the concern for safety is not the only reason why speed management is important. Following the oil crisis of the 1970s, many lower speed limits were introduced in an attempt to reduce fuel […]

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

An overview This report is the result of ETSC´s “Traffic Law Enforcement Programme”. It monitors enforcement practices in the EU in order to stimulate best practice exchange and identify further needs. It focuses on police enforcement in the field of speeding, drink driving and seat belt use and examines the implementation of the European Commission’s Recommendation on traffic law enforcement (EC 2004). In this Recommendation EU countries were asked to apply in a national enforcement plan what is known to be best practice in the […]

Road Accident Data in the Enlarged European Union

Road Accident Data in the Enlarged European Union

Learning from each other This Review examines the current situation in the 25 countries of the European Union in relation to data on road safety and draws up a concrete set of actions for improving these data, paying particular attention to the SEC Belt countries (Southern and New EU Member States). The Review covers all aspects, from data collection, gathering and entry into databases, to their processing, analysis and dissemination of results. The objective of this Review is to evaluate existing methods for accident […]

A Methodological Approach to National Road Safety Policies

A Methodological Approach to National Road Safety Policies

The main goal of this Review is to set out a methodological approach to the effective development and implementation of national policies for safety on the roads in EU member countries – especially those whose safety levels are below the EU-15 average, namely Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. Central to the findings of the Review is a checklist presented in Chapter 4 to help decision makers and practitioners at national level to […]

In-Car Enforcement Technologies Today

In-Car Enforcement Technologies Today

This ETSC Policy Paper on “In-Car Enforcement Technologies Today” brings together evidence on how the development and introduction of three “compliance enhancing in-car technologies” can contribute to saving lives in Europe. It aims to promote innovative enforcement solutions, amongst manufacturers and policymakers, that help to reduce the collision frequency, maximise casualty reduction and minimise injury risks. The three areas prioritised in the EC Recommendation on Enforcement in the Field of Traffic Law are speeding, drink driving and seat-belt use. This Policy Paper identifies three […]

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