Publications - Page 7

Transport Safety Performance in the EU – A Statistical Overview

Transport Safety Performance in the EU – A Statistical Overview

Executive Summary Transport crashes in the EU killed about 39,200 EU citizens in 2001, cause over 3.3 million casualties and presently cost over 180 billion Euros, around twice the total EU budget for all activity. Nowadays road crashes in the EU lead to 97% of all transport deaths and to more than 93% of all transport crash costs and are the leading cause of death and hospital admission for citizens under 50 years. Road crashes cost more than congestion and pollution, or cancer and […]

Assessing Risk and Setting Targets in Transport Safety Programmes

Assessing Risk and Setting Targets in Transport Safety Programmes

Reduction of risk and consequent death injury and damage is the key objective of policy for transport safety. The systematic assessment of risk, the setting of targets for its reduction in the context of safety strategies, and the monitoring of progress towards such targets are playing an increasing role in the formulation and implementation of transport safety policy across the modes – road, rail, air and maritime. Risk assessment ranges from the interpretation of data concerning numerous and frequent occurrences to the estimation of the likelihood of very […]

Transport Safety Performance Indicators

Transport Safety Performance Indicators

This ETSC review provides an overview of transport safety performance indicators at the European level. Traditionally, transport safety work has been based on crash data. However, transport crashes are relatively rare events. There is a need to establish and specify safety performance indicators, which are causally related to crash frequency and severity. Increasingly, behavioural measures such as percentage usage of seat belts, crash helmets, proportion of drivers being drunk, exceeding the speed limits or running red light cameras are used. Such measures can give direction to policy instruments, make it possible […]

The Role of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Road Transport Crashes

The Role of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Road Transport Crashes

The role of driver fatigue in driving safety is a complex one, especially within commercial road transport, which is the focus of this review. The core issue is one of working time and the opportunity this offers for rest and recuperation from work, together with the possibility of presenting for work unimpaired by fatigue and loss of sleep. However, powerful economic and social forces influence and control the normative pattern of work of commercial drivers. Working time is, after all, one of the basic […]

Priorities for EU Motor Vehicle Safety Design

Priorities for EU Motor Vehicle Safety Design

Road crashes continue to be the main source of accidental death and injury in the European Union (EU) and throughout the world. Each year in EU countries over 42,000 road users are killed and, when under-reporting is taken into consideration, around 3.5 million are injured. This accounts for an annual cost of over 160 billion Euro and untold pain and suffering. Improvements throughout the traffic system using all the known strategies from crash prevention through to injury reduction and post impact care are needed to respond to the growing […]

A Strategy for EU Transport Safety Research

A Strategy for EU Transport Safety Research

The cost of transport crashes is estimated at around at 2 per cent of the GDP of the European Union – around twice the amount of the annual EU budget for all activity. Road crashes are the largest single cause of death for EU citizens under 45 years. One in three citizens will require hospital treatment during their lifetime following a road crash. Individual public transport tragedies are a major source of public concern. Preventing death and disabling injury entails a transport system that is better adapted to the […]

Transport Accident and Incident Investigation in the European Union

Transport Accident and Incident Investigation in the European Union

Most serious, public transport accidents are investigated to a greater or lesser extent but, with some conspicuous exceptions, particularly with aviation, only a few are done with the aim of improving safety. Many have been investigated with the aim of apportioning blame or liability and although safety recommendations are often made, they frequently fail to identify some of the underlying causes of whatever went wrong. An accident is rarely the result of a single event. More often, it is caused by a combination of unrelated events coming together. In […]

Road Safety Audit and Safety Impact Assessment

Road Safety Audit and Safety Impact Assessment

Road safety audit is a formal procedure for independent assessment of the accident potential and likely safety performance of a specific design for a road or traffic  scheme – whether new construction or an alteration to an existing road. Road safety impact assessment is a formal procedure for independent assessment of the likely effects of proposed road or traffic schemes, or indeed other schemes that have substantial effects on road traffic, upon accident occurrence throughout the road network upon which traffic conditions may be […]

Increasing the Survival Rate in Aircraft Accidents: Impact Protection, Fire survivability and evacuation

Increasing the Survival Rate in Aircraft Accidents: Impact Protection, Fire survivability and evacuation

Increasing survivability: the scope for benefit Up until 1970, the fatal air accident rate world-wide had been falling dramatically. While the rate, since then, has decreased slightly, this has not been accompanied by an equivalent reduction in the fatality rate of those onboard aircraft. Approximately, 90 per cent of aircraft accidents can be categorised as survivable or technically survivable. In round and, of course, fluctuating figures it is estimated that of the 1500 who die each year in air transport accidents some 900 die […]

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