Publications - Page 6

Managing Speed: Towards Safe and Sustainable  Road Transport

Managing Speed: Towards Safe and Sustainable Road Transport

Excessive speed has a singularly devastating impact on the health and safety of road users, increasing both the risk of a crash and the severity of crash outcomes. Speed recurrently contributes to crashes when driving speeds are higher than permitted speed limits or higher than circumstances allow (e.g.: rain, fog, high traffic volumes). The current concern over climate change has also put spotlight on the role of road transport in atmospheric pollution. Road transport’s share of carbon dioxide emissions has been rising unlike that […]

Drink Driving: Young Drivers and Recidivist Offenders

Drink Driving: Young Drivers and Recidivist Offenders

This ETSC policy paper on “Drink Driving: Young Drivers and Recidivist Offenders” gives an overview of why drink driving is a major problem in European road safety. In particular it shows what can be done to prevent two high risk groups – young novice drivers and recidivist offenders – from impaired driving. The paper illustrates how alcohol is affecting driving skills and what the effects on the crash risk are. Moreover, it shows European countries’ progress in reducing drink driving by explaining some current […]

The German Autobahn: The Speed Limit Debate

The German Autobahn: The Speed Limit Debate

This factsheet gives an overview of the safety situation on Germany motorways and looks at the implications of sections of motorway that have no speed restrictions.

1st Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

1st Annual Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Report

This report provides an overview of European countries’ performance in five areas of road safety. It shows how countries have progressed in reducing annual numbers of road deaths between 2001 and 2005, and how they perform in the three key areas of road user behaviour: seat belt use, drink driving and speed. It also gives an overview of the penetration of state-of-the-art seat belt reminders into new passenger cars sold in European countries. The relevant rankings have been carried out under the Road Safety […]

The Social and Economic Consequences of Road Traffic Injury in Europe

The Social and Economic Consequences of Road Traffic Injury in Europe

This report summarises current knowledge regarding the following socio-economic aspects of traffic injury in Europe: The completeness and accuracy of official road accident statistics Long-term impacts of traffic injury Social disparities in road accident risk 1. The completeness and accuracy of official road accident statistics Official road accident statistics are incomplete and inaccurate in all countries. The level of reporting for injuries treated in hospitals is, on the average, less than 50%. Injuries are not always correctly classified by severity in police accident reports. […]

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

Time for a Directive ETSC’s new publication “Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU – Time for a Directive” responds to the European Commission’s Public Consultation “Respecting the Rules: Better Road Safety Enforcement in the EU” published in November 2006. Only with a Directive the EU will be sure to introduce the minimal requirements to achieve high standards in the enforcement of legislation as set out in the Commission’s Recommendation on traffic law enforcement (EC 2004). A legislative proposal should also include the cross border […]

Seat Belt Reminders

Seat Belt Reminders

Implementing advanced safety technology in Europe’s cars This ETSC Policy Paper on “Seat Belt Reminders – Implementing advanced safety technology in Europe’s cars” brings together evidence on how the development and introduction of seat belt reminders can contribute to saving lives in Europe. It aims to promote this innovative enforcement solution among manufacturers and policy makers, showing that it helps to maximise casualty reduction. The Policy Paper shows that the level of seat belt use varies considerably among EU countries, despite the fact that […]

Intelligent Speed Assistance

Intelligent Speed Assistance

Myths and Reality Illegal and inappropriate speed is the single biggest contributory factor in fatal road crashes. It increases both the risk of a crash happening and the severity of injuries resulting from crashes. Managing speed is therefore the most important measure to reduce death and injury on our roads. But the concern for safety is not the only reason why speed management is important. Following the oil crisis of the 1970s, many lower speed limits were introduced in an attempt to reduce fuel […]

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

Traffic Law Enforcement across the EU

An overview This report is the result of ETSC´s “Traffic Law Enforcement Programme”. It monitors enforcement practices in the EU in order to stimulate best practice exchange and identify further needs. It focuses on police enforcement in the field of speeding, drink driving and seat belt use and examines the implementation of the European Commission’s Recommendation on traffic law enforcement (EC 2004). In this Recommendation EU countries were asked to apply in a national enforcement plan what is known to be best practice in the […]

Road Accident Data in the Enlarged European Union

Road Accident Data in the Enlarged European Union

Learning from each other This Review examines the current situation in the 25 countries of the European Union in relation to data on road safety and draws up a concrete set of actions for improving these data, paying particular attention to the SEC Belt countries (Southern and New EU Member States). The Review covers all aspects, from data collection, gathering and entry into databases, to their processing, analysis and dissemination of results. The objective of this Review is to evaluate existing methods for accident […]

A Methodological Approach to National Road Safety Policies

A Methodological Approach to National Road Safety Policies

The main goal of this Review is to set out a methodological approach to the effective development and implementation of national policies for safety on the roads in EU member countries – especially those whose safety levels are below the EU-15 average, namely Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. Central to the findings of the Review is a checklist presented in Chapter 4 to help decision makers and practitioners at national level to […]

In-Car Enforcement Technologies Today

In-Car Enforcement Technologies Today

This ETSC Policy Paper on “In-Car Enforcement Technologies Today” brings together evidence on how the development and introduction of three “compliance enhancing in-car technologies” can contribute to saving lives in Europe. It aims to promote innovative enforcement solutions, amongst manufacturers and policymakers, that help to reduce the collision frequency, maximise casualty reduction and minimise injury risks. The three areas prioritised in the EC Recommendation on Enforcement in the Field of Traffic Law are speeding, drink driving and seat-belt use. This Policy Paper identifies three […]

The Safety of Vulnerable Road Users in the “SEC Belt”

The Safety of Vulnerable Road Users in the “SEC Belt”

An overview of the protection of vulnerable road users in the Southern, Eastern and Central European Countries Clearly, road safety is not equally distributed across the EU-15. There is what one can call a “North-South Divide”. While Northern European countries have developed and implemented plans and policies that have significantly improved road safety, the South of Europe generally lies below an EU-15-average in relation to almost all safety indicators. In addition to this already existing imbalance, the road safety situation in the 10 new member states suggests the emergence […]

Transport Safety Organisation in Public and Private Sectors

Transport Safety Organisation in Public and Private Sectors

Transport safety, traditionally, is seen a matter of engineering roads and vehicles, trains and aircrafts and their control systems, ships and their navigation, educating users and training experts as well as enforcing laws and regulations. Hence, the three “Es”, engineering, education and enforcing, are generally seen as the three pillars of transport safety policies. Whether they result in successful measures is first and foremost a question of how well they are designed and implemented. But even the most thorough design and implementation of individual […]

Cost Effective EU Transport Safety Measures

Cost Effective EU Transport Safety Measures

Transport crashes in the EU killed about 39,200 EU citizens in 2001, caused over 3.3 million casualties and cost over 180 billion Euros, around twice the total EU budget for all activity. The European Transport Safety Council has brought together independent experts from across the EU to identify a series of cost-effective EU transport safety measures which, if applied, could give a substantial contribution to the reduction of the number and severity of transport crashes in the European Union. This ETSC Review is of […]

Transport Safety Performance in the EU – A Statistical Overview

Transport Safety Performance in the EU – A Statistical Overview

Executive Summary Transport crashes in the EU killed about 39,200 EU citizens in 2001, cause over 3.3 million casualties and presently cost over 180 billion Euros, around twice the total EU budget for all activity. Nowadays road crashes in the EU lead to 97% of all transport deaths and to more than 93% of all transport crash costs and are the leading cause of death and hospital admission for citizens under 50 years. Road crashes cost more than congestion and pollution, or cancer and […]

Assessing Risk and Setting Targets in Transport Safety Programmes

Assessing Risk and Setting Targets in Transport Safety Programmes

Reduction of risk and consequent death injury and damage is the key objective of policy for transport safety. The systematic assessment of risk, the setting of targets for its reduction in the context of safety strategies, and the monitoring of progress towards such targets are playing an increasing role in the formulation and implementation of transport safety policy across the modes – road, rail, air and maritime. Risk assessment ranges from the interpretation of data concerning numerous and frequent occurrences to the estimation of the likelihood of very […]

Transport Safety Performance Indicators

Transport Safety Performance Indicators

This ETSC review provides an overview of transport safety performance indicators at the European level. Traditionally, transport safety work has been based on crash data. However, transport crashes are relatively rare events. There is a need to establish and specify safety performance indicators, which are causally related to crash frequency and severity. Increasingly, behavioural measures such as percentage usage of seat belts, crash helmets, proportion of drivers being drunk, exceeding the speed limits or running red light cameras are used. Such measures can give direction to policy instruments, make it possible […]

The Role of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Road Transport Crashes

The Role of Driver Fatigue in Commercial Road Transport Crashes

The role of driver fatigue in driving safety is a complex one, especially within commercial road transport, which is the focus of this review. The core issue is one of working time and the opportunity this offers for rest and recuperation from work, together with the possibility of presenting for work unimpaired by fatigue and loss of sleep. However, powerful economic and social forces influence and control the normative pattern of work of commercial drivers. Working time is, after all, one of the basic […]

Priorities for EU Motor Vehicle Safety Design

Priorities for EU Motor Vehicle Safety Design

Road crashes continue to be the main source of accidental death and injury in the European Union (EU) and throughout the world. Each year in EU countries over 42,000 road users are killed and, when under-reporting is taken into consideration, around 3.5 million are injured. This accounts for an annual cost of over 160 billion Euro and untold pain and suffering. Improvements throughout the traffic system using all the known strategies from crash prevention through to injury reduction and post impact care are needed to respond to the growing […]

#Spain: 7 in 10 drivers don't respect speed limits around schools, parks and residential areas https://t.co/r8aI1ljjFG @fmapfre2 months ago
Great to see @WHO endorsing Intelligent Speed Assistance as a key technology for tackling road deaths.… https://t.co/VMp8YwqOQQ2 months ago
It's UN Road Safety Week @UNGRSW. Pledge to #SlowDown and Save Lives. Here's a technology that can help.… https://t.co/0HPxbgyqNz2 months ago
RT @4roadsafety: Lord Robertson welcomes the launch of the Global Network for #roadsafety Legislators & the Manifesto #4RoadSafety https://…2 months ago
RT @WHO_Europe: Road traffic injuries are the leading killer among children and young people aged 5–29 years #SlowDown2 months ago
© 2016 European Transport Safety Council

20 Avenue des Celtes | Brussels | B-1040 | Belgium

t +32 2 230 4106 | f +32 2 230 4215